From Pesto to Romesco: Top 5 Sauces of the Mediterranean

AAlex October 13, 2023 9:21 PM

In the wide world of culinary delights, the Mediterranean region stands as a beaming lighthouse, guiding food lovers with its diverse flavors and delightful aromas. The region, rich in various fruits, vegetables, and seafood, offers a palette of tastes and a rainbow of colors in its dishes. However, what truly sets the Mediterranean cuisine apart are its sauces. From the Italian Pesto to the Spanish Romesco, Mediterranean sauces are a game-changer in any kitchen. Let's delve into the top 5 sauces from this region, their origins, and how you can make them at home.


Native to Genoa in the Liguria region of Italy, Pesto is a sauce that fascinates with its simplicity and depth of flavor. The traditional recipe involves a combination of fresh basil leaves, crushed garlic, pine nuts, coarse salt, Parmigiano-Reggiano (Parmesan cheese), and Fiore Sardo (cheese from Sardinia), all blended with olive oil. Usually served with pasta, Pesto can also add a fresh touch to sandwiches, salads, or pizzas. Here is a basic recipe you could try:

- 2 cups fresh basil leaves
- 2 cloves garlic
- 1/4 cup pine nuts
- 2/3 cup extra-virgin olive oil
- Salt and pepper to taste
- 1/2 cup freshly grated Pecorino cheese

1. Combine the basil, garlic, and pine nuts in a food processor and pulse until coarsely chopped.
2. Add the oil and process until fully incorporated and smooth.
3. Season with salt and pepper.
4. If using immediately, add all the cheese and pulse until smooth. Transfer the Pesto to a large serving bowl and mix in the cheese.

Now, let's move to the Iberian Peninsula, where the robust Romesco sauce comes from.


Originating from Tarragona in Catalonia, Romesco is a nut and red pepper-based sauce. This hearty sauce, usually served with fish, meat, or vegetables, combines roasted red peppers, tomatoes, almonds, garlic, olive oil, and vinegar. Its smoky taste and rich texture make it a favorite among chefs and food lovers alike. Here's a simple recipe:

- 4 ripe tomatoes
- 1 large red bell pepper
- 1/2 cup almonds
- 2 cloves garlic
- 1/4 cup olive oil
- 2 tablespoons red wine vinegar
- Salt and pepper to taste

1. Roast the tomatoes and red pepper in the oven until their skins start to char. Allow them to cool, then peel and deseed them.
2. In a food processor, combine the peeled tomatoes and pepper, almonds, garlic, olive oil, and vinegar. Blend until smooth. Season with salt and pepper.

While Pesto and Romesco might be the stars of the show, the Mediterranean region has many more sauces to offer. Here are three more that you must try:

  1. Tzatziki: This classic Greek sauce, made from yogurt, cucumber, garlic, and dill, is perfect as a dip or a sauce for meat.
  2. Toum: This intense Lebanese garlic sauce (yes, it's all about garlic here) is perfect with grilled meats or as a spread on pita bread.
  3. Tapenade: This Provençal dish consists of puréed or finely chopped olives, capers, and olive oil. It's brilliant spread on bread or served with grilled fish.

These sauces are not just about enriching the taste of your dishes. They're about exploring Mediterranean culture, and the love and joy of cooking. So, go ahead and try them out.

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