The Basics of Making Homemade Butter and Cheese

RRegina October 5, 2023 7:07 AM

Are you tired of store-bought butter and cheese and want to try making your own? Well, you're in luck. This guide provides the basics of making homemade butter and cheese. Making these dairy products at home is not only fun, but it is also rewarding, as you'll end up with delicious and nutritious products. Plus, you'll know exactly what goes into your butter and cheese—no preservatives or artificial additives.

Ingredients for homemade butter

For homemade butter, you need only two ingredients:

  1. Heavy cream
  2. Salt (optional)

The heavy cream should be high-quality, as it significantly impacts the taste of your butter. If you prefer salted butter, you can add salt, but it's not necessary.

Steps to make homemade butter

The process of making butter at home is quite simple:

  1. Pour the heavy cream into a mixer or food processor.
  2. Beat the cream until it separates into butter and buttermilk.
  3. Drain the buttermilk (you can save this for other recipes).
  4. Rinse the butter with cold water until the water runs clear.
  5. If you want, add salt and mix it into the butter.

Homemade cheese making process

Making cheese at home requires a few more ingredients and steps compared to butter. However, it's still a pretty straightforward process. Here's a simple recipe for homemade cheese:


  • 1 gallon of milk (not ultra-pasteurized)
  • 1/4 tablet of rennet or 1/4 teaspoon liquid rennet
  • 1/4 cup of plain yogurt or buttermilk
  • 1-2 teaspoons of cheese salt


  1. Warm the milk to 85°F.
  2. Add the yogurt or buttermilk and mix thoroughly.
  3. Dissolve the rennet in 1/4 cup of cool, chlorine-free water and add to the milk. Stir gently.
  4. Let the milk sit undisturbed for 60 minutes.
  5. Cut the curd into cubes and let it sit for 5 minutes.
  6. Slowly heat the curds to 105°F while gently stirring.
  7. Maintain the heat at 105°F for 30 minutes while stirring every few minutes.
  8. Drain the whey, add the cheese salt, and mix well.
  9. Press the cheese under 20 lbs of pressure for 12 hours.

Tools needed for cheese making

Making cheese at home requires some specific tools. Here is a list of the essential tools:

  • Large stainless steel pot
  • Cheese thermometer
  • Long knife for cutting the curd
  • Cheese press
  • Cheese molds

Benefits of homemade cheese and butter

Making your own butter and cheese has several benefits. You have control over the ingredients and can avoid preservatives and artificial additives. Homemade butter and cheese often taste better than their store-bought counterparts. You can also experiment with different flavors, adding herbs and spices to your homemade butter or cheese. Plus, it can be a fun and rewarding experience.

Recipes using homemade butter and cheese

Once you've made your butter and cheese, there are countless recipes you can use them in. From baking to cooking, your homemade butter and cheese can elevate your food to the next level. Try using your homemade butter in pastry recipes or melt it over fresh corn on the cob. Your homemade cheese can be used in dishes like mac and cheese, lasagna, or a simple cheese and cracker plate.

So, why not give it a try? Making homemade butter and cheese may sound daunting, but once you get the hang of it, it's fairly simple.

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